Monday, May 25, 2020

Essay On Freedom Riders - 738 Words

The Freedom Riders were remarkable, fearless Americans. They were extraordinary, ordinary people . . . young people who took the reins of history and wouldnt let go.† -Mark Samels, American Experience Executive Producer. This documentary showed a very dark time of American history, but in the dark is where the heroes come along. The people who took a stand and took part in the Freedom Rider is truly brave, and fearless, they are the people who made the America. Originally the Freedom Riders started with 13 African-American and white civil rights activists, who were recruited by the Congress of Racial Equality, departed from Washington, D.C., and attempted to integrate facilities at bus terminals along the way into the Deep South.†¦show more content†¦I knew about the movement in my American History class but this help opens up my eye and have a better knowledge about the whole movement and lead to a more personal narrative with all the people who actually involved in this movement. It is hard to wrap my head around the fact that riding the bus can get one hurt and killed and how non-volient acts can lead to so much hate and violence. The Freedom Rides help bring attention to national level. The level of violence is extreme in response to a non-violent movement. The white supremacy was trying its best to make the colored population inferior. The segregation is a symbol of fear and hate. The press and television is a big part in the success of the movement. They help shape the public opinion toward segregation. The media brought the problem to our attention through dramatic and often disturbing photos and reports. While accounts of the Freedom Rides in the white Southern press remained sharply negative and mocking, national media coverage became more favorable in the days that followed. Jim Peck gave an interview on NBCs Today Show. The June 2, 1961, issue of Time magazine featured the Freedom Rides as its cover story and was openly sympathetic in its coverage. Life magazine also chose the Freedom Riders as its story of the week for the June 2 issue, including powerful images from the siege of the First Baptist Church. (The Power of the Press) As the end, the Freedom Riders was a success. Mississippi and aShow MoreRelatedThe Freedom Riders Essay1553 Words   |  7 PagesSouth. At this time, segregation was legal. In 1892, the Supreme Court had ruled that a state could separate whites and blacks as long as the services were equal. On May 4, 1961, a diverse group of thirteen courageous individuals known as the Freedom Riders embarked on a bus journey into the South in order to challenge segregation in bus terminals. Although many individuals believed that segregation was wrong, many southern states continued to practice racial segregation. Racial segregation isRead MoreEssay on Freedom Riders1426 Words   |  6 PagesThe Freedom Riders were a group of college students and leaders of various racial equality organizations, both blacks and whites, which tested the law of integration for public transportation. The law was instated, but Alabama especially didn’t follow it. The Freedom Riders rode buses into the cities to see if the townspeople accepted or declined the new law. They in turn ended up beating, pummeling, and chasing the riders out of town with the white mobs. The Freedom Riders violently fought the segregationRead MoreThe Freedom Riders Essay1090 Words   |  5 PagesThe Freedom Riders were a group of around 13 people. Most of them were African Americans but there were always a few white skinned people in the group as well. There was no set leader for the Freedom Riders. The Freedom Riders rode interstate buses into the Southern United States. The south was referred to as the most segregated part of the U.S. The main goal of the Freedom Riders was to desegregate and become â€Å"separate but equal.† They had also set out to defy the Jim Crow Laws. The Freedom RidersRead MoreEssay about Freedom Riders1575 Words   |  7 Pages Freedom Riders â€Å"Freedom Riders† were a group of people, both black and white, who were civil rights activists from the North who â€Å"meant to demonstrate that segregated travel on interstate buses, even though banned by an I.C.C. Ruling, were still being enforced throughout much of the South† (The South 16). The Riders attempted to prove this by having a dozen or so white and black Freedom Riders board buses in the North and travel through Southern cities. This was all â€Å"a coldly calculated attemptRead MoreThe Australian and American Freedom Rides Essay675 Words   |  3 PagesAustralian and American Freedom Rides This essay briefly discusses the similarities and differences of the ‘Australian and American Freedom Rides’ history. Throughout the essay, there is a discussion on what the reasons were for the protest of the Freedom Rides. It also points out the duration of the protest and the major locations where they were held. The essay also shows the different reactions to the protest and the influential behaviour it results in. The American Freedom Rides were motivatedRead MoreThe Freedom Riders : Jim Zwerg849 Words   |  4 PagesMay 2011 40 students from different parts of the United States joined the original freedom riders : Jim Zwerg, Who was considered a traitor to his race for participating in the non-violence movements, Ernest â€Å"Rip† Patton, he joined the movement two days after the First Baptist Church of Montgomery was attacked by the mobs on May 21, Helen and Bob Singleton and Joan Mulholland that at the time that she joined the freedom rides in June of 1961 was working at the office of a California Senator; in Re-livingRead MoreThe Freedom Rides By Andrew Williams1180 Words   |  5 PagesFreedom Rides Essay History Andrew Williams There were contentions both for and against the Freedom Rides in 1965. In spite of the fact that it profited and indefinitely supported and raised awareness to the aboriginal races inequality, it was still a questionable act that produced both approval and criticism from the Australian Public. I used a newspaper article, a photograph and a legal document to argue the significant contribution of the freedom rides to the equality of the indigenous populationRead MoreWestern Pleasure vs Hunter Jumpers785 Words   |  4 PagesNikki Yager Mrs. Yates English II 3 October 2010 English Essay â€Å"There is something about the outside of a horse that is good for the inside of a man.† -Winston Churchill. Horses not only inspire their riders, but also the spectators. The art of equestrian is generally disregarded as a competitive sport. Being a rider not only takes raw talent but also devotion, skill, concentration, knowledge, and strength. With a variety of riding styles, it’s difficult to express which one is superior toRead MoreA Raisin In The Sun Film Analysis1544 Words   |  7 Pages In this essay, I will discuss the political context and the common themes of two films, A Raisin in the Sun and Nothing But a Man. Both of these works take place during the Civil Rights Movement and explore social issues such as racism, gender, and class. A Raisin in the Sun tells the story of an African-American family’s struggle with racism and poverty on their quest for the American Dream. This film addresses many of the societal and political issues of this era. DuringRead MoreMartin Luther King’s Policy of Peaceful Protest Essay1337 Words   |  6 Pagesused 1/5 of their time to broadcast on it. Other campaigns that where peaceful and effective which were set up or supported by king include The Selma campaign, Montgomery Bus Boycott, the march on Washington, the Birmingham campaign, king supported freedom rides. Some campaigns failed through peaceful protest such as the Albany movement as Laurie Pritchett stopped media attention by treating the protestors with respect. Kings policy of peaceful protest wasn’t the only reason for the successes of the

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Modern Day Attacks Against Firewalls and Vpns - 2434 Words

Modern Day Attacks Against Firewalls and Virtual Private Networks Electronic technology is growing at a rapid rate; more devices are made mobile and wireless, but with those improvement and developments come flaws and malicious opportunities. Cyber attacks are on the rise and no system or device is immune. Many organizations employ multiple layers of firewalls but that doesn’t completely eliminate the threat. Attacks against firewalls and virtual private networks or VPNs are constantly being exploited with new methods everyday, but they are yet another obstacle that a cyber criminal must overcome. First let’s discuss what a firewall is and what a firewall is capable of doing. Firewall applications are†¦show more content†¦Unfortunately, many firewalls come with so many rules or policies that they can counteract the security desired and create loopholes for network threats or actually block traffic that is desired or requested by the user. These issues make it really important to understand how all rules and policies in the fi rewall work and how to apply them. Another tool often used for secure reasons and also as a reliable method to share information remotely is called a Virtual Private Network or VPN. Henry describes A VPN as â€Å"a group of computers (or discrete networks) networked together over a public network—namely, the internet† (para 3, 2012). Basically, it’s a private network created to allow remote access through a public network. Most often you will see that employees on airplanes or in a public place that will require and utilize these VPNs to access their business resources for all kinds of information, but some people just use it as a means to use their network without physically compromising the actual systems. A good VPN can provide many functions such as access anywhere worldwide without dedicated lines, data security, remote access to business resources and better employee production. For these VPNs to perform these functions properly they are required to provid e reliability by ensuring that the network does not break down before reaching its max capacity, scalability to ensure the ability to expand as business grows, and ofShow MoreRelatedDefining Firewalls And Vpns. What Is A Firewall And How Does It Work?1875 Words   |  8 Pages Defining Firewalls and VPNs What is a firewall and how does it work? Many internet users are concerned about internet safety. A way to combat potential security breaches is to use a firewall. A firewall can be a hardware device or a program and it is used to filter any information that comes through any internet connection to your private network or computer system. Harmful information can be flagged by the firewall program and not be allowed to continue through. Firewalls use up to three differentRead MoreNetwork Security : A Security Platform For Users, Programs, And Computer Networks1667 Words   |  7 Pagesauthentication and authorization to access of data which is controlled by the network administrator. Network Security protect computer systems from unwanted intrusion such as malware, viruses, Trojans and so on. INTRODUCTION Having the knowledge of how attacks are executed we can better known to protect ourselves while network security also knows how to protect the devices from malware, viruses, Trojan horses and so on. Network Security is a new and fast moving Technology and still being defined and mostRead MoreResearch Paper On Five Ways To Ensure Social Media Safety1044 Words   |  5 Pagesless mindful of strangers and we sometimes feel invincible online. However, the level of connectivity offered by social media is quickly growing into our undoing. We are now more vulnerable than ever and this is a risk we cannot afford to take in this day and age when everyone with the know-how can hack into our accounts for their selfish benefits. With the increase in cybersecurity threats, and in this case, social media threats, it is important that we plug the holes and find ways to guarantee ourRead MoreContemporary Information Security Systems And Computer Systems1519 Words   |  7 Pages(Mamaghani, 2002). In modern day operating systems, viruses feed off worm-like infections throughout the systems through attacks and system file modification allowing back-door access. Some of the most common ones include â€Å"trojan horse†. This allows the infected computer to be monitored and controlled remotely. To help prevent / combat these threats, antivirus programs have been developed which help identify some of the most common infection systems and help guard the system against them. While thereRead MoreApplication And Device / Hardware Level1400 Words   |  6 Pagessecurity for IoT needs to be proactive and not reactive, preventive and not remedial. It is important that we bake in the security into IoT platforms right from the ground up instead of doing it in piecemeal way as was the case with evolution of modern day operating systems or internet revolution. Future IoT initiative shall have security shall be holistically implemented at network, application and device/hardware level. We should definitely leverage wide knowledge base and research investments weRead MorePhysical Security Management ( Mohamed )1790 Words   |  8 Pagespermissions of computers usage (International Business, 2012). Ultimately, online businesses should prioritize the regular maintenance of their servers and hardware just as much, if not more than, traditional businesses because in essence the assets and day to day operations are performed solely through the servers and technologies that are given that task. The sheer amount of information being transmitted and processed for an online business should cause the head of the business to ensure the physical securityRead MoreSmartphone s And Social Networking2981 Words   |  12 Pagesspeeds between 5 megabits and 8 megabits per second. While 4G LTE is considerably much faster than 4G alone, 4G LTE uses (Multiple Input Multiple Output) MIMO technology. MIMO utilizes a multipath signal propagation that is present in all of today modern communications. The transmitter and receiver already have more than one antenna and use the processing power at either end of the link. Using these different paths between these two entities provides data rate of signa l to noise improvement over 4GRead MoreHistory of Firewall18739 Words   |  75 PagesA History and Survey of Network Firewalls KENNETH INGHAM Kenneth Ingham Consulting and STEPHANIE FORREST University of New Mexico Firewalls are network devices which enforce an organization’s security policy. Since their development, various methods have been used to implement ï ¬ rewalls. These methods ï ¬ lter network traï ¬Æ'c at one or more of the seven layers of the ISO network model, most commonly at the application, transport, and network, and data-link levels. In addition, researchers have developedRead MoreThe Security Of An Organization s Computer Networks1832 Words   |  8 Pages The security of an organization’s computer networks play a critical role in modern computer systems. In order to have high protection levels against malicious attacks, a number of software tools have been developed. Intrusion Detection Systems have recently become an important research topic due to its capability of detecting and preventing attacks from malicious network users. Security incidents are increasing at an incredible rate every year. As the complexity of the threats increase, so doRead MoreRed Hat Enterprise Linux 6 Security Guide50668 Words   |  203 PagesPhone: +1 919 754 3700 Phone: 888 733 4281 Fax: +1 919 754 3701 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 Security Guide 3 Abstract T his book assists users and administrators in learning the processes and practices of securing workstations and servers against local and remote intrusion, exploitation and malicious activity. Focused on Red Hat Enterprise Linux but detailing concepts and techniques valid for all Linux systems, this guide details the planning and the tools involved in creating a secured computing

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

I am an executive of XYZ, Inc., a well-known company in...

I am an executive of XYZ, Inc., a well-known company in United States for its luxury watches, jewellery and handbags. There are 22 retail outlets in whole of United States. Achieving great success in the United States the company has decided to expand their business and open their retail outlets in different countries. To start off with the company has decided to open their first international store at Shanghai, China. Then after a year of time the company has decided to open stores even in Brazil, Russia, India and China. For the short time change I as an executive will study the market of Shanghai. As my company deals in luxury goods which are quite expensive I would target the customers who are rich and uses such product on daily†¦show more content†¦For next venture I would ask my employees to visit the targeted countries, i.e., Brazil, Russia, India and China to study the market there. I would even ask them to find out the perfect areas to do marketing campaign and open the shop. I would ask the manager to open up new production unit to produce more product for selling in the new countries. I would ask my Human resource team to hire new employees and even sent the manpower to the targeted countries so as to take over the stores there. I will ask finance department to gather money from different sources at a earliest. I would even try not to repeat the mistakes done in my previous venture at Shanghai and try to use the concepts which were successful there. I would take up corporate social responsibilities so as to make the hype for my product. I would try to give my products to the film producers for free to showcase my products in the film so as to get more customers. I would first try to cover up different states in china as my product was quite a hit at Shanghai and it would be easier for me to sell my product in the same country. I would ask my manager to bring up new ideas for promoting the product and attract more customers. I would even ask them to develop some new products and hire some local employees so as to handle the customers better and understands their needs. Having done with the promotional activities I wouldShow MoreRelatedTaking a Look at Mine Warfare1217 Words   |  5 PagesMine warfare is the strategic, operational, and tactical use of sea mines and the countermeasures to defeat them. These weapons are so dangerous and efficient which is why foreign navies and even terrorist possess these weapons. The history of these weapons goes back to 1776; a year after our nation’s Navy was born. A man named David Bushnell created a mine that was composed of a watertight keg, filled with black powder and a flintlock detonator which was suspended from a float (Levie). The kegsRead MoreThe Pike River Coal Mine1525 Words   |  7 Pagesresults in project management failure. An example of this is the Pike River Coal Mine tragedy which occurred on November 19th 2010 which is located on the West Coast of New Zealand, where a series of methane explosions happened resulting in the loss of 29 men’s lives and 2 survivors walking away from the explosions. This report will look into the project management failures which occurred at the Pike River Coal Mine such as not completing objectives by certain deadlines which then would lead to goingRead MoreEssay on King Solomons Mines1268 Words   |  6 Pagesblack evil doers are vanquished; peace, justice, and tranquility are returned to Kukuana land; our deserving white and pseudo-white heroes are the benefactors of the plunders of Solomon’s fabled mines; and we as readers are left thoroughly entertained. Work Cited Haggard, H. Rider. King Solomons Mines. 1989. Oxford, New York: Oxford World Classics 1998 Read MoreThe Cause and Effects of Acid Mine Drainage1699 Words   |  7 PagesThe Cause and Effects of Acid Mine Drainage INTRODUCTION Imagine going fishing on a cool Autumn day, the trees are all different shades of orange, brown and red and the birds are singing their beautiful songs, but their is a serious problem because when you arrive at the river all plant and animal life are gone. This is by no means a recent phenomenon. This is due to the effects of acid rock drainage (ARD). This is a problem that has been occurring since ancient times, but it was not untilRead MoreProject Management Failures And Its Effects On The Mine989 Words   |  4 PagesProject Management Failures The other evident failure was that the management did not address concerns that were raised in regards to high volumes of harmful gases in the mine. Pike River Coal Mine’s managers were more concerned about producing huge volumes of coal, instead of protecting their employees from avoidable accidents. For instance, reports of high methane levels were not addressed appropriately. Instead of investing in safety procedures, the managers let their employees work in a dangerousRead More The Cause And Effects Of Acid Mine Drainage Essay1712 Words   |  7 Pages The Cause and Effects of Acid Mine Drainage INTRODUCTION nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Imagine going fishing on a cool Autumn day, the trees are all different shades of orange, brown and red and the birds are singing their beautiful songs, but their is a serious problem because when you arrive at the river all plant and animal life are gone. This is by no means a recent phenomenon. This is due to the effects of acid rock drainage (ARD). This is a problem that has been occurring since ancientRead MoreResearch Report On Pike River Coal Mine Essay1829 Words   |  8 Pages In November 2010, an explosion occurred in Pike River coal mine (PRCM) that caused the death of 29 miners. It was considered as the worst incident in New Zealand after 96 years (Mussen, Dally, Watkins, Chapman, 2012). Pike River Coal Mine was set to be the largest underground coal mine in New Zealand. The explosion occurred 2 months after the mine started their operation. In this report, project management failures in Pike River mine will be discuss and the ways that it could be improved. We willRead MoreA Human-Friendly Method of Treating Acid Mine Drainage785 Words   |  3 PagesThe worldwide problem of acid mine drainage causes harm to waterways, plants, animals, and even humans. Acid mine drainage is water with a high acidity content that originates from water coming in contact with highly acidic-bearing materials in rocks. Those rocks are common in mining regions, which is why acid mine drainage is such a problem for those locations, including the coal mining region of Northe astern Pennsylvania. The water affected by acid mine drainage becomes yellow or orange in colorRead MoreEnvironmental Management Of Mining From New Acland Coal Mine2164 Words   |  9 PagesENVM3305- Environmental Management in Mining Field report- New Acland Coal Mine Name: Sà ¢mara Oliveira Student number: s4338824 INTRODUCTION The minerals are indispensable for the maintenance of industrial activity, since products such as automobiles, machinery, tractors, cement, among others, are manufactured from raw materials coming from this extraction and that these activities are often energetically dependents on certain minerals, such as coal for example. However, the mining activityRead MoreWater Quality Of The Mine Drainage Running Into The Afon Goch North998 Words   |  4 Pagesthe water quality of the mine drainage running into the Afon Goch North has meant that any remediation system must be multi-staged. Furthermore, the unique characteristics of the mine and the heavily polluted water requires an exclusive method of mediation. The treatment system outlined uses passive systems that require relatively little maintainence and have low running costs in order to be used as a long term solution to the pollution being produced. Extending the Mine Adit   Initially, the hillside

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

MBA Change Management Samples for Students †MyAssignmenthelp.com

Question: Discuss about the MBA Change Management. Answer: The change management reflected upon here follows the intervention by HRM in my current organization based on gender equity in terms of selection, recruitment, promotion management and leadership in the organization whereby more females are to be included in such areas. The reflection will be directed towards three sources of resistance to this change including reluctance to lose control, preference for low levels of stimulation and novelty, and reluctance to give up old habits. The HRM received a lot of resistance coming mainly from the male counterparts occupying the leadership and management position who saw the new initiative as a threat to them losing control and giving up their old habits of leadership and management (Vuori, 2016). I remember when the HRM started this initiative, the project team came up with a raft of issues to promote many women into leadership and management positions and also to select and recruit more women into senior and executive positions. For example, the male employees-both in junior and senior positions immediately ganged up against the HR department and formed a group to thwart any attempt to have more female counterparts included in the positions they were presently holding. Their main contention was that they were used into old habits of stereotyping women. They opposed this because they were stereotyping women as less productive and those who belong to junior and casual works. Due to the fear of losing their control, they, therefore, vowed at all cost to thwart this initiative. The leadership and management positions are a preserve solely for old male who are used to old ways of doing things. They opposed the initiative because they had overwhelming preference for low levels of stimulation and novelty. They feared that young and innovative women who were proposed to be promoted into management and leadership positions would be a real threat to them and will cause them to lose jobs. This is because these positions were held by male counterparts who were only used to old style of management and they did not want to give up their deeply rooted old habits of management and leadership. They feared that the innovative women will bring in new ideas of management and leadership like collaborative and shared leadership which will mean they will have more support from the junior. This, to them, would mean them losing command and control and hence the explanation for the vehement resistance to this change initiative. Also, they feared that the women could be more productive because they would be doing this to attract promotion. This was a threat to them because males had an automatic chance of being promoted in the organization even without the need to work more productively. Thus they argued that by having more women being selected and recruited, their junior and executive positions will be under threat. This is because they would be forced to give up their old working habits and also start working hard to be promoted. And because the male counterparts had never been used to the promotion based on productivity and performance, this was a source of their opposition and resistance as they were sure that this would compel them to change their usual ancient habits. The senior management group also feared they will lose control and this was the reason they opposed the initiative. For example, currently, managers are more commandeering in the organization and have amassed a lot of control. They use their positions as a means to get supremacy titles in the organization. The junior workers fear them greatly and hence would always do anything they say even it is against the objective, goals and strategies of the organization. For this reasons, managers are feared in the organization and thus they want to retain such controls. Thus, by having more innovative women taking up senior and executive positions, these male managers fear that their commands and control will be fast-eroding. Well aware of this, the managers have vowed to resist any initiative focused at dethroning them from their controls (Winiecki, 2013). Their opposition and resistance was a great threat to the success of this change management initiative. I remember the project team having to hold frequent meetings with the management trying to convince them to adopt it but each time they would down their tools and resist. In the same vein, the male counterparts in the leadership position opposed the initiative. Their main threat was that innovative and young women have new ways of leading where the input of everyone is taken into consideration as opposed to the old habits of the current crop of male leaders in the organization. By this, the leaders are more than convinced that if this initiative is allowed, they would lose their leadership positions and hence lose control (Ceptureanu, 2015). For this reason, they had no option but to gang up and join the managers to put any obstacles that would hamper this initiative. Indeed, the male leaders even went out their ways to incite the junior male counterparts to join them in resistance telling them that they will have less opportunities to be promoted should they allow the initiative to go through. This created a serious revolt in the organization that the project team became increasingly unable to even hold meetings with the junior male employees to explain the need for the change and its potential benefits not only to the organization but even the entire workforce. Having been incited by the leadership, the junior male employees were convinced that only female will be promoted due to affirmative action that the HRM had adapted. Because, they preferred low levels of stimulation and novelty, they also vowed to resist the initiative. This was because the junior male staff were also eyeing at the few promotion slots in the organization which then could have propelled them to either leadership or management position where they could have control (Burnes, 2015). Thus they were convinced that their chance of promotion would be unlikely if the initiative was to succeed. Thus they quickly joined the already evident resisting leadership and management groups. This essence meant that the project team could not function as intended. Despite the project team explaining to them that the promotion would not be based on either gender, but the productivity or performance of each employee, they did not want to hear any of such arguments. To them, they had set their mind to oppose the change having been negatively influenced by the fellow male leaders and managers merely to selfishly defend their would-be promotions (Bareil, 2013). This was also compounded their reluctance to give up old habits whereby they had always viewed women as people who should always work under the supervision of men. The HRM had no option but to halt the initiative as the prevailing environment was never supported at all and vowed to engage in massive initial consultation with all the stakeholders before bringing the issue up again in the future. However, the women who had been employed in the organization felt much disappointed with their fellow male colleagues. They, however, vowed to pursue equity using every means possible even if it meant going to court. References Bareil, C. (2013). Two Paradigms about Resistance to Change. Organization Development Journal, 31(3). Burnes, B. (2015). Understanding resistance to changebuilding on Coch and French. Journal of Change Management, 15(2), 92-116. Ceptureanu, E. G. (2015). Survey Regarding Resistance To Change In Romanian Innovative Smes From It Sector. Journal Of Applied Quantitative Methods, 10(1). Vuori, T. (2016). Shaul Oreg and Jacob Goldenberg: Resistance to Innovation: Its Sources and Manifestations. Winiecki, J. (2013). Resistance to Change in the Soviet Economic System (Routledge Revivals): A Property Rights Approach. Routledge.

Wednesday, April 8, 2020

Battle of Agincourt - Hundred Years War

Battle of Agincourt - Hundred Years' War Battle of Agincourt: Date Conflict: The Battle of Agincourt was fought October 25, 1415, during the Hundred Years War (1337-1453). Armies Commanders: English King Henry Vapprox. 6,000-8,500 men French Constable of France Charles dAlbretMarshal Boucicautapprox. 24,000-36,000 men Battle of Agincourt - Background: In 1414, King Henry V of England began discussions with his nobles regarding renewing the war with France to assert his claim on the French throne. He held this claim through his grandfather, Edward III who begun the Hundred Years War in 1337. Initially reluctant, they encouraged the king to negotiate with the French. In doing so, Henry was willing to renounce his claim to the French throne in exchange for 1.6 million crowns (the outstanding ransom on French King John II - captured at Poitiers in 1356), as well as French recognition of English dominion over occupied lands in France. These included Touraine, Normandy, Anjou, Flanders, Brittany, and Aquitaine. To seal the deal, Henry was willing to marry the young daughter of the chronically insane King Charles VI, Princess Catherine, if he received a dowry of 2 million crowns.  Believing these demands too high, the French countered with a dowry of 600,000 crowns and an offer to cede lands in Aquitaine.  Negotiations quickly stalled as the French refused to increase the dowry. With talks deadlocked and feeling personally insulted by French actions, Henry successfully asked for war on April 19, 1415. Assembling an army of around, Henry crossed the Channel with around 10,500 men and landed near Harfleur on August 13/14. Battle of Agincourt - Moving to Battle: Quickly investing Harfleur, Henry hoped to take the city as a base before advancing east to Paris and then south to Bordeaux. Meeting a determined defense, the siege lasted longer than the English had initially hoped and Henrys army was beset by a variety of diseases such as dysentery. When the city finally fell on September 22, the majority of the campaigning season had passed. Assessing his situation, Henry elected to move northeast to his stronghold at Calais where the army could winter in safety. The march was also intended to demonstrate his right to rule Normandy. Leaving a garrison at Harfleur, his forces departed on October 8. Hoping to move quickly, the English army left their artillery and much of the baggage train as well as carried limited provisions. While the English were occupied at Harfleur, the French struggled to raise an army to oppose them. Gathering forces at Rouen, they were not ready by the time the city fell. Pursuing Henry, the French sought to blockade the English along the River Somme. These maneuvers proved somewhat successful as Henry was forced to turn southeast to seek an uncontested crossing. As a result, food became scarce in the English ranks. Finally crossing the river at Bellencourt and Voyenes on October 19, Henry pressed on towards Calais. The English advance was shadowed by the growing French army under the nominal command of Constable Charles dAlbret and Marshal Boucicaut. On October 24, Henrys scouts reported that the French army had moved across their path and was blocking the road to Calais. Though his men were starving and suffering from disease, he halted and formed for battle along a ridge between the woods of Agincourt and Tramecourt. In a strong position, his archers drove stakes into the ground to protect against cavalry attack. Battle of Agincourt - Formations: Though Henry did not desire battle due to being badly outnumbered, he understood that the French would only grow stronger. In deploying, men under the Duke of York formed the English right, while Henry led the center and Lord Camoys commanded the left.  Occupying the open ground between the two woods, the English line of men at arms was four ranks deep. The archers assumed positions on the flanks with another group possibly being located in the center. Conversely the French were eager for battle and anticipated victory. Their army formed in three lines with dAlbret and Boucicault leading the first with the Dukes of Orleans and Bourbon. The second line was led by the Dukes of Bar and Alenà §on and the Count of Nevers. Battle of Agincourt - The Armies Clash: The night of October 24/25 was marked by heavy rain which turned the newly plowed fields in the area into a muddy quagmire. As the sun rose, the terrain favored the English as the narrow space between the two woods worked to negate the French numerical advantage. Three hours passed and the French, awaiting reinforcements and perhaps having learned from their defeat at Crà ©cy, did not attack. Forced to make the first move, Henry took a risk and advanced between the woods to within extreme range for his archers. The French failed to strike with the English were vulnerable (Map). As a result, Henry was able to establish a new defensive position and his archers were able to fortify their lines with stakes. This done, they unleashed a barrage with their longbows. With the English archers filling the sky with arrows, the French cavalry began a disorganized charge against the English position with the first line of men-at-arms following. Cut down by the archers, the cavalry failed to breach the English line and succeeded in doing little more than churning the mud between the two armies. Hemmed in by the woods, they retreated through the first line weakening its formation. Slogging forward through the mud, the French infantry was exhausted by the exertion while also taking losses from the English archers. Reaching the English men-at-arms, they were able to initially push them back. Rallying, the English soon began inflicting heavy losses as the terrain prevented the greater French numbers from telling. The French were also hampered by the press of numbers from the side and behind which limited their ability to attack or defend effectively. As the English archers expended their arrows, they drew swords and other weapons and began attacking the French flanks. As a melee developed, the second French line joined the fray. As the battle raged, dAlbret was killed and sources indicate that Henry played an active role at the front. Having defeated the first two French lines, Henry remained wary as the third line, led by the Counts of Dammartin and Fauconberg, remained a threat. The only French success during the fighting came when Ysembart dAzincourt led a small force in a successful raid on the English baggage train. This, along with the menacing actions of the remaining French troops, led Henry to order the killing of the majority of his prisoners to prevent them from attacking should the battle resume. Though criticized by modern scholars, this action was accepted as necessary at the time. Assessing the massive losses already sustained, the remaining French troops departed the area. Battle of Agincourt - Aftermath: Casualties for the Battle of Agincourt are not known with certainty, though many scholars estimate the French suffered 7,000-10,000 with another 1,500 nobles taken prisoner. English losses are generally accepted to be around 100 and perhaps as high as 500. Though he had won a stunning victory, Henry was unable to press home his advantage due to the weakened state of his army. Reaching Calais on October 29, Henry returned to England the following month where he was greeted as a hero. Though it would take several more years of campaigning to achieve his goals, the devastation wrought upon the French nobility at Agincourt made Henrys later efforts easier. In 1420, he was able to conclude the Treaty of Troyes which recognized him as the regent and heir to the French throne. Selected Sources History of War: Battle of Agincourt

Monday, March 9, 2020

Canadian workers essays

Canadian workers essays . How did McLachlan attempt to bring women into the wage campaign in 1917, and how did this strategy reflect ideas about masculinity? Women became the focus of J.B. McLachlans campaign for higher wages during 1917 in which there would have been, roughly, a 30 percent pay increase. After discussing it with the AMW, McLachlan set out to include women as part of the struggle so there could be a better understanding of the needs of workers and their families. Women were asked to write to McLachlan to provide information regarding an imaginary family budget. This budget had to include living expenses such as food and rent. At the time, workers were only receiving $3.50 a day which, as one woman points out, was not even enough to cover the food bill and the rent alone. This was McLachlans attempt to bring women into the wage campaign and it also changed the miners perception of womens role in the home. Within the mining community, women became more recognised as an important asset to their well-being within the community. The reason women were picked for McLachlans contest was because of their knowledge of money with respect to household expenses. Men were occupied working in the mines for ten hours a day while women took responsibility for managing the money. Asking them for the financial needs of mining families seemed like an obvious option to McLachlan and the AMW. The masculinity that existed during this time is something that should not be overlooked. It stemmed from the notion that men where the only ones who were supposed to work and earn a living, not women. The main purpose of keeping women in the home was for them to take care of the children as well as tending to the house. McLachlan also believed in this patriarchal norm that was part of society at the time. It was not typical for a man of this time period to stay at home and not be the breadwinner of the family. This way of thi ...

Friday, February 21, 2020

Response paper Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words - 9

Response paper - Essay Example I personally agree with Ray Bradbury in virtually all the issues he raised. Bradbury says quantity brings about quality in work. The more one works and gain more experience the more quality his or her work becomes (McKenzie 40). After work, relaxation of the body is vital and I don`t think there is something that results in more relaxation and in turn more creativity like writing. In the circumstance where writers don’t think, they end up copying other writers work and compromising quality of their work. Just as an artist may think of the money he or she will earn after the work instead of focusing on the truth and the internal feeling that his or her work entails and bring out the beauty of the art work, most commercial writers do slanted stories, focusing on the money they will cash from their banks while ignoring the originality and creativity they could possibly have in their work. Most upcoming writers engage their working time only to give out unoriginal story lacking creativity simply because the commercial market has taken over them and dictate what they write. The body should be left alone to think and act for itself and let the writings flow from inside you not from external forces (McKenzie 44). While new writers are at liberty to imitate and emulate other prominent writers in history, it is only allowed up to some extent and should not eliminate the ability of a man to become truly creative in his work. The writer should select a field where he or she thinks his ideas will develop more comfortably. One needs to remember that selecting a field to write on is absolutely different from slanting within that field (McKenzie 46). In conclusion, what you think of the world should characterize what you think. Consider yourself as a prism and measure the light of the world. Give the light back to the world in a totally different perspective. Let your feeling and thinking about the world dictate your writing. Bring out your ideas